Survey Report on Cardiac Procedures Pre and Post COVID-19 

In observance of World Heart Day, Reliance General Insurance conducted a survey on the trends and patterns of cardiac procedures in India. The survey focused on Coronary Angiography (CAG) procedures, which are used to diagnose and treat coronary artery disease. The survey analyzed the data of CAG procedures performed in the age bands of 19-35 and 36-45 from 2018 to 2023

 The survey revealed some interesting and alarming findings. The data showed that the number of CAG procedures increased significantly in both age bands over the five-year period. The total number of CAG procedures in the age band of 19-35 increased by 160.87% from 2018-2019 to 2022-2023. Similarly, the total number of CAG procedures in the age band of 36-45 increased by 102.99% from 2018-2019 to 2022-2023. 

 The survey also showed that there was a gender disparity in the CAG procedures. The data indicated that males were more likely to undergo CAG procedures than females in both age bands. In the age band of 19-35, males accounted for 73.91% of the total CAG procedures in 2018-2019 and 78.33% in 2022-2023. In the age band of 36-45, males accounted for 67.16% of the total CAG procedures in 2018-2019 and 81.62% in 2022-2023.  

The survey of Reliance General Insurance is consistent with the findings of the recent World Health Organization report on Invisible numbers: The true extent of noncommunicable diseases and what to do about them. The WHO report highlights the global burden of cardiovascular diseases, which holds the front position in leading global death by 68.1% (17.9 million approx.) 

The report shows Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the cause of more deaths globally than any other non-communicable diseases. Factually, 86% of CVD deaths could have been prevented or delayed by eliminating risks through treatment. The RGI survey confirms that India is facing a serious challenge of cardiovascular defects like coronary artery disease, The survey shows that the number of CAG (Coronary Angiogram) procedures which are used to diagnose and treat coronary artery disease, increased significantly in both age bands of 19-35 and 36-45 from 2018 to 2023.  

These trends indicate that coronary artery disease is affecting the young and productive population of India, which has implications for the social and economic development of the country.  

The RGI survey also supports the recommendations of the WHO report, which suggests that factors such as stress, lifestyle, diet, smoking, and genetics could contribute to the increasing incidence of cardiac problems in these age groups. The survey urges people to adopt healthy habits such as regular exercise, a balanced diet, quitting smoking, and managing stress to reduce the risk of heart disease.  

The RGI survey and the WHO report both emphasize the need for more awareness and prevention of coronary artery disease among the young and middle-aged population in India. They also call for more investment and action from the government, the health sector, civil society, and the private sector to address this growing public health issue.  

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